AGENUS INC NASDAQ false 0001098972 0001098972 2022-03-01 2022-03-01





Washington, D.C. 20549







Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): March 1, 2022




(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)




Delaware   000-29089   06-1562417

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation)



File Number)


(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

3 Forbes Road

Lexington, MA 02421

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(781) 674-4400

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)



Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:


Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)


Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)


Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))


Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:


Title of each class





Name of each exchange

on which registered

Common stock, par value $0.01   AGEN   The Nasdaq Capital Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐




Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

On March 1, 2022, Agenus Inc. (“Agenus”) announced its financial results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2021. In connection with the announcement, Agenus issued a press release, which is being furnished as Exhibits 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

The information set forth under Item 2.02 and in Exhibit 99.1 attached hereto is intended to be furnished and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

Item 8.01 Other Events.

On March 1, 2022, Agenus filed a prospectus supplement with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the potential offer and sale of up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock (the “Placement Shares”) from time to time in “at the market” offerings pursuant to an At Market Issuance Sales Agreement by and between Agenus and B. Riley Securities, Inc. (formerly known as B. Riley FBR, Inc., the “Sales Agent”), dated as of July 22, 2020 (the “Agreement”). Sales pursuant to the Agreement will be made only upon instructions by Agenus to the Sales Agent, and Agenus cannot provide assurances that it will issue any Placement Shares pursuant to the Agreement. The Placement Shares are separate from and in addition to the shares of our common stock available for sale under our previously filed prospectus related to the same of shares under the Agreement dated July 22, 2020.

The foregoing description of the Agreement is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Agreement, a copy of which is incorporated herein by reference. A copy of the opinion of Ropes & Gray LLP relating to the legality of the issuance and sale of the Placement Shares is attached as Exhibit 5.1 hereto.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits


Exhibit No.    Description
1.1    Sales Agreement dated July 22, 2020 by and between Agenus Inc. and B. Riley Securities, Inc. (f/k/a B. Riley FBR, Inc.) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 1.2 to the Registration Statement on Form S-3ASR filed by the Company on July 22, 2020.
5.1    Opinion of Ropes & Gray LLP
23.1    Consent of Ropes & Gray LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1)
99.1    Press Release dated March 1, 2022
104    Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


Date: March 1, 2022     Agenus Inc.

/s/ Garo H. Armen

      Garo H. Armen
      Chief Executive Officer

Exhibit 5.1



March 1, 2022

Agenus Inc.

3 Forbes Road

Lexington, MA 02421

Re: Registration of Securities by Agenus Inc.

Ladies and Gentlemen:

We have acted as counsel to Agenus Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) in connection with its filing of a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (theRegistration Statement”), with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and the related prospectus supplement dated March 1, 2022 (the “Prospectus Supplement”) relating to the sale of up to 100,000,000 shares (the “Shares”) of the common stock of the Company, $0.01 par value (“Common Stock”). The Shares will be sold pursuant to an At Market Issuance Sales Agreement, dated July 22, 2020, by and between the Company and B. Riley Securities, Inc. (f/k/a B. Riley FBR, Inc.) (the “Agreement”).

In connection with this opinion letter, we have examined such certificates, documents and records and have made such investigation of fact and such examination of law as we have deemed appropriate in order to enable us to render the opinions set forth herein. In conducting such investigation, we have relied, without independent verification, upon certificates of officers of the Company, public officials and other appropriate persons.

The opinion expressed below is limited to the Delaware General Corporation Law.

Based upon and subject to the foregoing, we are of the opinion that the Shares have been duly authorized and, when the Shares are issued out of the Company’s duly authorized Common Stock and sold in accordance with the terms of the Agreement, the Shares will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.

We hereby consent to your filing this opinion as an exhibit to the Registration Statement and to the use of our name therein and in the Prospectus Supplement under the caption “Legal Matters.” In giving such consent, we do not thereby admit that we are in the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder.

                                                                                                                           Very truly yours,

                                                                                                                           /s/ Ropes & Gray LLP

                                                                                                                           Ropes & Gray LLP


Exhibit 99.1

Agenus Corporate Update and Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2021 Financial Report



Botensilimab (Fc-enhanced) is the first anti-CTLA-4 antibody to demonstrate clinical responses across 9 cold, treatment-resistant cancers; Phase II studies planned in melanoma, MSS-colorectal, and pancreatic cancers



AGEN1571, a novel program targeting tumor-associated macrophages, is entering clinical development in 2022



6 clinical-stage programs are advancing through strategic partnerships; $220M in upfront and achieved milestone payments received in 2021



Cell therapy subsidiary, MiNK Therapeutics (NASDAQ: INKT), launched via an IPO; clinical programs underway in solid tumors and multiple myeloma



Adjuvant subsidiary, SaponiQx, has developed a plant cell culture manufacturing process expected to generate GMP grade QS-21 STIMULON adjuvant by year end to enable partner clinical studies

LEXINGTON, Mass., March 1, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Agenus Inc. (NASDAQ: AGEN), an immuno-oncology company with an extensive pipeline of checkpoint antibodies and adjuvants designed to activate immune response to cancers and infections, today provided a corporate update and reported financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2021.

“We made several important advancements in 2021,” said Garo Armen, PhD, Chief Executive Officer of Agenus. “Our Phase 1 data presentation at SITC demonstrated the best-in-class potential of our flagship program, botensilimab, consistent with its Fc-enhanced design. We partnered our Fc-enhanced TIGIT bispecific with BMS to accelerate its development in high priority indications such as NSCLC. This year, we expect to launch several new botensilimab studies to unlock its franchise potential. In parallel, our R&D team continues to advance novel discoveries, with our macrophage targeting program expected to enter the clinic this year.”

Botensilimab is the first anti-CTLA-4 antibody to demonstrate clinical responses across 9 cold, treatment-resistant cancers; Phase II studies planned in melanoma, colorectal, and pancreatic cancers



Phase 1 data from >100 patients treated with botensilimab, as monotherapy or in combination with our PD-1 antibody, balstilimab, presented at SITC.



Based on these data, Agenus plans to commence Phase 2 trials in melanoma, MSS-colorectal, and pancreatic cancers in order to:



Demonstrate superiority to ipilimumab, which has been approved and extensively studied in melanoma; new melanoma response to botensilimab monotherapy observed since SITC presentation in a patient who progressed on prior ipilimumab treatment.


Build upon potential best-in-class signal in MSS-colorectal cancer; among 20 patients in our Phase I study, we observed a 20% response rate for the botensilimab/balstilimab combination compared to a reported 1% response rate for a first generation CTLA-4/PD-(L)1 combination.



Establish botensilimab as superior combination agent for chemotherapy in cold tumors, by evaluating botensilimab in combination with standard of care chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer.



Positive data in these studies can unlock the franchise potential of botensilimab, supporting further development in indications where first-generation CTLA-4 has been approved or demonstrated benefit, as well as expansion into indications where botensilimab has shown benefit but other CTLA-4 agents have not.



Internal infrastructure build underway to support botensilimab development and potential launch: Emeryville site designed to manufacture inventory worth >$10B in annual sales.

AGEN1571 is entering clinical development in 2022



AGEN1571 targets tumor associated macrophages, which promote resistance to PD-1 and CTLA-4 therapy.



The importance of this target class has been validated by Merck’s ILT4 antagonist, discovered by Agenus, which has shown durable responses in PD-1 resistant cancers.

6 clinical-stage programs advancing through strategic partnerships; $220M in upfront and achieved milestone payments received in 2021



AGEN1777 (Fc-enhanced TIGIT bispecific) was licensed to BMS for $220M in upfront and achieved milestones plus $1.36B in future milestones and royalties. BMS plans to advance AGEN1777 in high priority tumor indications including NSCLC.



Merck is advancing a myeloid cell-targeting antibody, MK-4830, discovered by Agenus, across a range of cancers – including pancreatic, lung, renal, breast, ovarian, gastric and glioblastoma.



Incyte is advancing four clinical stage partnered programs, including a combination trial evaluating our TIM-3 and LAG-3 antagonists with PD-1 in PD-1 r/r melanoma.


Across our partnerships, we are eligible for $2.8B in milestones plus royalties, as well as the option to participate in development and commercialization for certain programs.

Cell therapy subsidiary, MiNK Therapeutics, launched via an IPO



MiNK Therapeutics launched a successful IPO to support clinical development of its allogeneic cell therapies.



Clinical programs are underway in solid tumors and multiple myeloma.

SaponiQx to generate GMP grade QS-21 STIMULON adjuvant from proprietary plant cell culture manufacturing process in 2022 to enable partner clinical studies



QS-21 STIMULON is a proven adjuvant in GSK’s shingles vaccine (SHINGRIX®), with durability lasting >9 years.



While data supports broad applicability across >20 disease settings, supply is limited by a complicated extraction process from a Chilean soap bark tree.



SaponiQx’s plant cell culture method of manufacturing offers a more sustainable, scalable, and cost-effective supply of QS-21 STIMULON.



GMP grade material from this manufacturing process is expected to be available this year to enable partner clinical trials.



SaponiQx is also developing next-generation adjuvants designed to increase mucosal immunity through intranasal delivery, critical for addressing respiratory pandemic threats such as COVID-19.

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2021 Financial Results

We ended the year 2021 with a cash and short-term investment balance of $307 million as compared to $100 million at December 31, 2020.

We recognized revenue of $296 million and $88 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively, which includes revenue related to upfront license fees received, non-cash royalties earned, and revenue recognized under our collaboration agreements.

Our cash provided by operations for the year ended December 31, 2021, was $10 million with a reported net loss of $29 million or $0.11 per share compared to cash used in operations of $139 million and a net loss for the year ended 2020 of $183 million or $1.05 per share. Non-cash operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2021, were $49 million compared to $37 million for the year ended 2020.

Net loss for the fourth quarter ended 2021 was $68 million or $0.26 per share compared to a net loss for the same period in 2020 of $38 million, or $0.20 per share. For the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2021, our cash used in operations was $23 million compared to $36 million for the same period in 2020.

Financial Highlights

(in thousands, except per share data)



     December 31,  
     2021      2020  

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

   $  306,923      $  99,871  


     Three months ended December,      Year ended December 31,  
     2021      2020      2021      2020  

Revenues, research and development

   $ 2,157      $  11,632      $  244,422      $ 35,915  

Revenues, non-cash royalty and milestones

     15,452        17,595        44,355        47,545  

Revenues, other

     2,652        2,038        6,888        4,710  













Total Revenue

     20,261        31,265        295,665        88,170  

Research and development expenses

     53,486        35,571        178,608        142,617  

General and administrative expenses

     21,971        20,030        76,359        59,218  

Cost of service revenue

     881        804        3,470        2,349  

Other expense (income)

     (2,744      101        (3,951      2,907  

Non-cash interest expense

     16,324        15,920        64,619        60,029  

(Gain) loss related to debt

     —          —          (6,197      2,720  

Non-cash contingent consideration fair value adjustment

     (2,050      (3,431      11,481        1,221  













Net loss

   $ (67,607    $ (37,730    $ (28,724    $ (182,891

Net loss per share attributable to Agenus Inc. common stockholders

   $ (0.26    $ (0.20    $ (0.11    $ (1.05

Cash provided by (used in) operations

   $ (22,927    $ (35,590    $ 10,145      $ (139,096

Non-cash operating expenses

   $ 2,291      $ (340    $ 48,612      $ 34,841  

Conference Call

Tuesday, March 1, 2022, 8:30am ET

Dial-in numbers: (833) 614-1394 (US) or (914) 987-7115 (International)

Conference ID: 4651648.


A live webcast and replay of the conference call will be accessible from the Events & Presentations page of the Company’s website at https://investor.agenusbio.com/events-and-presentations and via https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/5pf7v7jk.

About Agenus

Agenus is a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company focused on the discovery and development of therapies that engage the body’s immune system to fight cancer. The Company’s vision is to expand the patient populations benefiting from cancer immunotherapy by pursuing combination approaches that leverage a broad repertoire of antibody therapeutics, adoptive cell therapies (through its subsidiary MiNK Therapeutics), adjuvants, and proprietary cancer vaccine platforms. The Company is equipped with a suite of antibody discovery platforms and a state-of-the-art GMP manufacturing facility with the capacity to support clinical programs. Agenus is headquartered in Lexington, MA. For more information, please visit www.agenusbio.com and our Twitter handle @agenus_bio. Information that may be important to investors will be routinely posted on our website and Twitter.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements that are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the federal securities laws, including statements relating to the use of therapeutic candidates botensilimab, zalifrelimab, balstilimab, AGEN1571, AGEN1777, AGEN2373, MK-4830, and iNKT cell therapy (MiNK Therapeutics) and QS-21 STIMULON adjuvant and adjuvants in development (SaponiQx) , for instance, statements regarding therapeutic benefit and efficacy, mechanism of action (including validation of mechanism of action), potency, durability, and safety profile (including the absence of specific toxicities) of the therapeutic candidates, both alone and in combination with each other and/or other agents (e.g., botensilimab in combination with balstilimab); statements relating to future clinical and regulatory development plans for therapeutic candidates alone and in combination with other agents, including botensilimab in combination with balstilimab; statements relating to our ability to obtain regulatory approval for our therapeutic candidates including the timing (including the possibility of accelerated review) and scope of any such regulatory approval; statements relating to our ability to launch expanded access programs; statements relating to superiority of our therapeutic candidates over third party therapeutics and therapeutic candidates;;statements relating to current or future manufacturing capabilities, manufacturing sustainability and cost-effective manufacturing; statements relating to future commercial plans, including those related to commercialization of botensilimab and the receipt of future milestone payments and collaboration and license arrangements; statements relating to our ability to develop novel adjuvants for use in vaccine treatments including COVID-19 treatment, as well as statements relating to our ability to develop and optimize manufacturing methods for QS-21 STIMULON and other adjuvants; statements relating to planned savings or efficiencies; statements relating to future fundraising; and any other statements containing the words “may,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “hopes,” “intends,” “plans,” “forecasts,” “estimates,” “will,” “establish,” “potential,” “superiority,” “best in class,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially. These risks and uncertainties include, among others, the factors described under the Risk Factors section of our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Agenus cautions investors not to place considerable reliance on the forward-looking statements contained in this release. These statements speak only as of the date of this press release, and Agenus undertakes no obligation to update or revise the statements, other than to the extent required by law. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.


Agenus Inc.

Divya Vasudevan, PhD



Agenus Media Relations

Kimberly Ha

KKH Advisors